Charles V of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor


Charles V of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor
(1500-1558)
   Charles V was the son of Philip the Handsome, Duke of Burgundy, and Juana la Loca of Castile. Born in Ghent, he was brought up in Flanders and, when his father died in 1506, he inherited the duchy of Burgundy, with his aunt, Margaret of Austria, serving as regent until 1515 when he reached the majority. In 1517, Charles took the Spanish throne and, in 1519 he became Holy Roman Emperor. In 1521, he invaded Northern Italy, at the time controlled by the French, and then in Germany he convoked the Diet of Worms where he vehemently opposed the doctrines of Martin Luther, vowed to fight heresy, and enacted the edict that outlawed Lutheranism. In 1525, he captured Francis I of France in Pavia and forced him to sign the Treaty of Madrid with which Francis renounced his claims to Northern Italy and ceded Burgundy to Charles. As soon as he was released, however, Francis recanted and formed the League of Cognac with Pope Clement VII, Venice, Milan, and Florence against the emperor. Charles retaliated by sacking Rome in 1527. In 1554, he ceded Naples and Sicily to his son Philip II. In the following year, he also gave him the Netherlands, and in 1556 he made him king of Spain and gave him Milan. In 1558, he abdicated the imperial throne, giving it to his brother Ferdinand I, and retired to the Monastery of Yuste, near Cáceres, Spain, where he lived out the rest of his days. Charles V was the patron of Titian, who spent nine months in Germany painting portraits of the emperor and his family, including the famed Charles Von Horseback (1548; Madrid, Prado). Charles was so pleased with Titian that he conferred the knighthood upon him. Bernard van Orley and Pieter Coecke were also his court painters.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles VII Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans (King of Germany) Reign 24 January 1742 – 20 January 1745 ( 100000000000 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles V Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans; King of Italy Reign 28 June 1519 – 27 August 1556[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles VI Charles VI in the regalia of the Order of the Golden Fleece Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans (King of Germany) Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor — For other uses, see Emperor Maximilian (disambiguation). Maximilian I Portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1519 (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna). Maximilian holds his personal emblem, the pomegranate …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor — Maximilian II King of Bohemia Reign 20 September 1562 – 12 October 1576 Coronation 20 September 1562, Prague Predecess …   Wikipedia

  • Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor — Matthias Holy Roman Emperor King of the Romans (King of Germany) Reign 13 June 1612 – 20 March 1619 Coronation 26 …   Wikipedia

  • Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor — Infobox Austrian Royalty|emperor name =Francis I title =Emperor and Archduke of Austria King of Hungary, Croatia, Slavonia, Italy, and Bohemia caption = succession =Holy Roman Emperor reign =March 1 1792 August 6 1806 succession1 =Emperor of… …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor — Details …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor — Infobox German Royalty|Monarch name =Leopold II title =Holy Roman Emperor; Apostolic King of Hungary; King of Germany, Croatia and Bohemia; Archduke of Austria; Grand Prince of Transylvania; Grand Duke of Tuscany caption = reign =February 20,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor — {| align=right Infobox German Royalty|Monarch name =Ferdinand III title = Holy Roman Emperor; King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia; Archduke of Austria |center|150px caption = coronation = full name = succession = Holy Roman Emperor; Archduke of …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.